Let’s Face It…
Although it may not be top of your list of priorities at present, having the best skincare routine for your skin type, and paying attention to the health of your skin will be worth it when you look in the mirror years from now. Skin that is well cared for, especially the skin on your face, helps you feel good about yourself as you age, and tells others a lot about you.
A consistent skincare routine is far more important than you may think. Lifestyle and environmental factors can cause irreversible skin damage leading to premature aging. Using the right type of skincare products for your skin type can help nourish and protect your skin, keeping it looking healthy and giving you confidence, no matter your age.
A skincare routine is a simple daily set of steps you follow with your favourite skincare products. Typically, people have two different routines, one for the morning and one for the evening. They only differ slightly and almost always consist of a few essential products that are used to:
- Cleanse – Wash and clean your skin removing sweat, dirt, make-up, and impurities.
- Tone – Remove any cleanser residue, balance the skin’s pH level, hydrate, and prepare the skin for the next important step – a moisturiser.
- Moisturise – add moisture to hydrate your skin.
- Optimise – Feed and nourish your skin, seal in moisture, and address any issues your skin may have.
- Protect –Prevent environmental elements damaging your skin.
These are steps dermatologists recommend, to allow the skin on your face to be the healthiest it can be, and to keep it looking its best.
Why is a Skincare Routine so Important?
1) Removes Impurities from the Skin.
Cleansing your face in the morning helps to remove any dead skin cells, toxins, or oil that your skin has produced overnight. It also prepares your skin for the products applied after, optimising the absorption of these.
Cleansing at night removes the multitude of things your skin is exposed to during the day such as dirt, dust, sweat, make-up, sunscreen, allergens, food etc. By removing these impurities and unclogging the pores of your skin you allow your skin to breathe and regenerate, and to do its job efficiently.
2) Optimises Hydration.
Many factors can lead to dry skin including weather or climate changes, environmental irritants, not drinking enough water, or even using harmful or moisture-stripping products on your face. Additionally, as you age, the skin produces less of the many beneficial substances that naturally help to keep your face hydrated. Our skin contains 64 percent water so it stands to reason that adequate water intake can have a significant impact on skin health. Without adequate hydration, skin appears duller, and wrinkles and pores more prominent. Proper hydration levels help to plump the skin cells and improve skins elasticity with less likelihood of it becoming dry and irritated. It also helps the skin cells to flush out toxins more efficiently allowing them to function at their best.
Additionally, hydrated skin also helps to combat oiliness. Dehydrated skin produces more oil because it is compensating for a lack of moisture. Often to combat the oil, people think the best course of action is to dry out the skin by using harsh drying agents and cleansers on their face. This is a common misconception which can lead to a long-term problematic cycle.
A consistent skin care routine using hydrating skin care products, as well as having an adequate water intake (at least 8 glasses a day), will provide the best results and will have a positive impact on your overall skin health. Having an adequately hydrated face leads to a more plumped, healthy, youthful looking complexion, as well as helping to improve skin elasticity which reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
3) Enhances Cellular Renewal.
Cellular renewal is your body’s natural ability to turn over skin cells – constantly creating new cells and shedding the old, dead ones that it doesn’t need anymore. The outer layer of skin (epidermis) is repairing and renewing itself daily. It takes approximately 27 days for the outer layer of your skin to shed and replace itself fully.
As you age, this process slows substantially. Around your 30’s you will see signs of the slowing process. In your 40’s and beyond your skin’s elasticity reduces and skin starts to wrinkle and lose tone. A good daily skincare routine can help delay this process, and will keep your skin looking and feeling healthy.
4) Slows Premature Skin Aging.
A good skincare routine will help with slowing the signs of premature aging. Once deeper wrinkles are formed a simple routine will not remove them, but it will help to keep your skin looking its optimal best. Everyone gets wrinkles at some point, but a good skincare routine and healthy lifestyle can help delay the process.
Retinol and the natural plant-based alternative ‘bakuchiol’ have been shown in recent studies to boost collagen production and assist in significantly reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Using a product that contains one of these ingredients may be useful if your goals are to improve skin tone and texture, and to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Before determining the best skincare routine for your skin, you need to establish what your skin type is, ensuring you head down the right path with the products most suitable for you.
Read on to find out how to determine what skin type you have, the best skincare products for your skin type, and what to avoid…
How to Determine your Skin Type:
Your skin type is unique to you and it can take time to find out what suits it best. A person’s skin type can be determined by an assortment of skin characteristics, including:
Water content: Influences the skins elasticity
Lipid (oil) content: Influences the softness of skin
Sensitivity level: Influences the reactivity and tolerance to different substances.
Follow these three steps to determine your skin type:
- Start with a clean face. Wash your face with a mild cleanser and gently dry your face. Try to pat instead of rubbing. Make sure all makeup is removed.
- Simply wait. Wait an hour without touching your face or putting anything on it. This will let your skin rest. This time will also give it time to settle back to its typical state.
- Take a tissue or blotting paper and press it to various areas of your face. This will pick up any oils on your face and help you understand what type of skin you have.
Hold the sheets up to the light to see the oil markings. If the sheets reveal an abundance of oil in all areas of the face, you have oily skin; if they absorb little to no oil, then you probably have dry skin; if the sheets show only a small amount of oil from your T-Zone, you have combination skin; and if you only see minimal oil from every area of your face, you most likely have normal skin.
Regardless of what your skin type is, it can also be sensitive or prone to acne breakouts. By using products best suited to your skin type, you can care for your skin while addressing sensitivity or acne blemishes. For help choosing the right products for your specific skin type and concerns, refer to our tables below.
What are the Different Skin Types?
There are six ‘types of skin’ that are commonly referred to, however, everybody’s skin is different, and it is not uncommon to have a mixture of different skin types. The type of skin you have can change throughout life based on different factors such as environment, diet, hormonal changes, stress, and climate, to name a few.
The SIX recognised skin types are as follows:
- Normal/ Balanced
We will now discuss the characteristics and typical requirements of each skin type, as well as the optimal skincare routine for each. Just click on the suggested products to learn more.
The Ideal Skincare Routine for Your Skin Type:
1) Normal/ Balanced Skin
Normal/ Balanced skin refers to any skin that is not too oily or too dry, it is well-balanced. Pore size is just visible, and skin should feel soft, supple, and smooth. Most skin products are tolerated but care is still needed to ensure optimal hydration and nourishment are met. Harsh products that are used too often can still result in irritated skin – even with the most balanced of skins, hence it is best to use gentle, natural products.
SKIN CARE ROUTINE FOR NORMAL / BALANCED SKIN
2) Dry skin
Dry skin may feel tight and/or show patches of dry/ flaky skin. If not addressed, dry skin can lead to a dull complexion with an increased likelihood of peeling, cracking, itchiness, and/or irritation. Some factors that contribute to dry skin include dry, cold weather, low humidity, and washing your face in very hot water. Moisture is essential for dry skin and face oils, serums, and moisturisers with hydrating ingredients such as shea butter, can be very beneficial. Avoid using anything with harsh synthetic chemicals, such as parabens, as it may irritate dry skin.
SKIN CARE ROUTINE FOR DRY SKIN
3) Oily skin
If you dab your face with a tissue and oil remains on the tissue it is likely you have oily skin. Oily skin occurs when the skin produces too much sebum, or oil, which can lead to blocked pores and blemishes. Skin may look shiny with larger than normal pores. Stress, heat, hormonal changes, and diet are some of the factors that may contribute to excessively oily skin.
Believe it or not, oily skin needs moisture. It may seem like your face is overrun with moisture, and adding even more, can be counterintuitive, however oil and moisture are different things. If your oily skin isn’t hydrated, it can overproduce even more oils creating an even oiler face.
Those with oily skin should look for products that help balance excess oil and are non-comedogenic (i.e. they don’t clog skin pores). Washing your face twice daily and exfoliating 2-3 times per week can help remove dead skin cells from skin’s surface. Avoid using anything with harsh chemicals on your skin as it can irritate your skin and increase oil production further.
SKIN CARE ROUTINE FOR OILY SKIN
4) Combination skin
Combination skin is a mixture of different skin types. It is typically a combination of dry and oily skin. There are basically two types of combination skin:
- Dry and oily – This type has an oily t-zone with dry skin everywhere else.
- Balanced and oily – This type has an oily t-zone and balanced skin everywhere else.
Combination skin can be a mixture of oily, dry, and balanced skin in some cases.
Even though it’s a pretty common type of skin, it may seem overwhelming to find the best skincare routine. After all, what do you use when your skin is a mixture of oily, dry, or balanced? Thankfully it is still a relatively easy routine with gentle and light cleansing.
5) Sensitive skin
Sensitive skin tends to have reactions to many different products and allergens. When sensitive skin is exposed to irritants it can react quickly producing symptoms such as redness, itching, burning, and dryness.
Determining and avoiding the substances that cause skin reactions and discomfort is very important for this skin type. Sensitive skin types should avoid any skin products with fragrance or alcohol as these are known irritants. Using gentle, natural products is best for those with sensitive skin.
SKIN CARE ROUTINE FOR SENSITIVE SKIN
6) Acne-prone skin
If you often have breakouts and your skin lives in a constant state of redness and blemishes, you likely have acne-prone skin. Acne-prone skin has pores that can quickly become clogged. Most people assume acne-prone skin is typically oily. That is not always the case. People can have dry skin, oily, or a combination of any of the skin types and still have acne-prone skin.
Acne-prone skin can sometimes be due to:
- Age – It is not just preteens and teens who can suffer from breakouts when they hit puberty. The hormone changes during that time and later in life can cause breakouts.
- Environment – Pollution, weather, and pollen all have a big part in the health of your skin.
- Makeup – Some makeup products clog your pores. They can also not be washed off properly and cause breakouts and irritation to the skin.
- Pollution – Smog and pollen can also cause clogged pores.
This type of skin needs products that are lighter and won’t clog the pores. The pores need to be cleansed, and the skin needs help fighting off acne. This routine can help keep your acne at bay or at least managed. Acne-prone skin can be irritated easily. You should try fragrance-free skincare products with non-comedogenic ingredients.
Consistency is the Key to Healthy Skin.
Along with a healthy diet and lifestyle, a good consistent skincare routine is important to maintain the health of your skin. Each skin type is different and often needs a different routine to maintain it. It is important to note that it takes time for a new routine to work. It can take anywhere from one to four months to see the full benefits of a new skincare routine, trust the process. There are no set products for each skin type. One product that works for one person may not work well for you. As long as you stay within the routines mentioned above, you can choose your own products and change them as needed.
Healthy Glowing Skin can be Yours!
Regardless of when you start your skincare routine, you will soon see and feel positive results. This will help you feel motivated to keep up the good work! Your skin will become more balanced, its texture and tone will improve, blemishes and outbreaks will reduce, and you will be protecting it from further damage. Consistency is the key! Stick to your skincare routine and your skin will soon start looking and feeling more radiant and healthy.
Scenturie Natural Skincare Products
Scenturie is a multi-award winning, eco-conscious New Zealand natural skincare brand committed to making quality skincare products that are good for your skin and good for the planet.
All our products are hand-crafted in small batches in New Zealand using 100% pure, sustainable, plant-derived ingredients that are sourced from approved local suppliers. We avoid palm oil, synthetic chemicals, and known irritants such as parabens, sulfates, glycols, silicones, mineral oils, phenoxyethanol, and phthalates. All Scenturie products are cruelty-free and 100% vegan.
Scenturies philosophy is simple and based on respect: Respect for Ourselves, Respect for Others, Respect for Nature, and Respect for our Planet… the things that really matter…
Visit their website here to learn more: www.scenturie.co.nz